Uman NUH | today: 07/19/2024

Quality of triticale cupcakes enriched with pumpkin paste

Author(s) Lubych V.V., Candidate of Agricultural Science, Lecturer of Department of Technology of Storage and Processing of Grain, Uman National University of Horticulture, Ukraine
Vozyan V. V., , , Uman National University of Horticulture, Ukraine
Грабова Д. М., , ,
Category The Agronomy
year 2021 issue Issue number 99. Part 1
pages 17-28 index UDK 664.68:[633.19:664.849]
DOI 10.31395/2415-8240-2021-99-1-17-28 (Link)
Abstract Aims. To study the quality formation of a cupcake made from triticale flour enriched with pumpkin paste. Methods. Laboratory, mathematical and statistical, physicochemical. Results. The article presents the study results of the quality formation of triticale cupcakes (baking, shrinkage, moisute, volume, porosity), enriched with pumpkin paste. It is established that the quality of triticale cupcakes varies significantly from the pumpkin paste content. As a result of research, it was found that the baking rate of cupcakes varied depending on the pumpkin paste content and was 2.77–3.90 %. This indicator is the lowest in the control variant - without pumpkin paste addition – 2.77 %. Variants with the addition of 5, 15, 35 and 40% of pumpkin paste were characterized by high rates, where the baking rate was 3.72, 3.8, 3.85 and 3.9, respectively. In other experiment variants it was at the level of 3.14–3.63 %. Shrinkage of triticale flour cupcakes enriched with pumpkin paste did not change significantly and amounted to 1.0–1.4 %. It was found that with pumpkin paste addition, the moisture of the cupcakes increased from 21.4 with 5% of pumpkin paste to 36.1 % with 50 %. The highest moisture was characterized by variants with a content of 40, 45 and 50 % of pumpkin paste, respectively, 33.4, 33.2 and 36.1 %. When pumpkin paste is added to the dough, cupcake volume increases from 5 to 50 %. It is obvious that the absence of pumpkin gluten in the paste is the main reason for intensity decrease in the processes of dough leavening and increasing its density. Therefore, with pumpkin paste addition, the porosity of baked goods was not developed, the pores are small and thick-walled. Thus, cupcake porosity was 28.4–55.6 %. This figure was the highest with the addition of 5 % of pumpkin paste – 55.6 %, which is 5.4 % more than control. As the amount of pumpkin paste increased, the cupcake porosity also decreased. Conclusions. In the technology of triticale cupcakes, it is optimal to add 25–30 % of pumpkin paste by dough weight.
Key words muffin, triticale, pumpkin puree, flour, quality
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