Uman NUH | today: 05/16/2023

Yield and quality of hazelnuts depending on the variety

Author(s) Balabak O.A., Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, , National arboretum "Sofiyivka"
Lubych V.V., Candidate of Agricultural Science, Lecturer of Department of Technology of Storage and Processing of Grain, Uman National University of Horticulture, Ukraine
Category The Agronomy
year 2016 issue 88
pages 139-145 index UDK 634.54:631.559
Abstract The hazelnut (Corylus domestica Kosenko et Opalko) is a garden form of avellane. It occupies the third place in the global output of nut-bearing crops after almonds and walnuts. It is an important crop because its kernel contains up to 58–72% of nondrying oil, 14–18 % of protein and 13–18 % of carbohydrates. The maximum yield of hazelnuts on average for three years of the research was formed by Dokhodnyi variety plants: it made up 448.0kg/ha. The minimum yield was formed by plants of Urozhainyi-80 variety (126.0kg/ha) and Grandioznyi variety (127.7kg/ha). There was a high content of oil (74.2–74.5%) in kernels of Grandioznyi variety, Funduk-85 variety and Urozhainyi-80 variety nuts; the minimal one was in kernels of Lozivskyi Urozhainyi variety – 67.3 %, that is 10 % less than the best variety’s result. The oil content in kernels of other hazelnut varieties varied from 68.2 % to 72.5 %. Also the rate of the oil content varied depending on weather conditions of research years, however, analyzed tendency remained similar. The maximum oil output from the hazelnut yield (197.1kg/ha) was got with Dokhodnyi variety cultivating.
Key words hazelnut, oil content, humus podzolized
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