Uman NUH | today: 04/13/2024


Author(s) Ulanchuk V., Doctor of Economics, , Uman National University of Horticulture
Соколюк С. Ю., , ,
Zharun E. V., PhD in Economics, , Uman National University of Horticulture
Чернега І. І., , ,
Коротєєв М. А., , ,
Tupchiy O.S., , , Uman National University of Horticulture
Бленда Н. О., , ,
year 2023 issue Issue number 103. Part 2
pages 29-39 index UDK 330.59(477)
DOI 10.32782/2415-8240-2023-103-2-29-39 (Link)
Abstract During the thirty years of Ukraine’s independence, before the start of a full-scale war, multidirectional processes were observed in the economy and society, however, the quality of life of the population gradually increased, which in different periods was manifested both through the expansion of consumer capabilities of households, the development of social and information and communication infrastructure, and the improvement of access to information and new technologies, as well as through the formation of civil society and democratic institutions. Positive changes in the level and quality of life of the population, which were launched in the three years before the coronavirus pandemic, managed to acquire the character of resilience, since in 2021 key indicators not only stopped the annual decline, but also continued the three-year growth trend. However, due to the war, by the end of 2022, a significant drop in incomes and an increase in the scale of poverty are expected, which will inevitably lead to a decrease in the quality of life of the population for a long period. The war changed almost all aspects of people’s lives - the labor market, the infrastructure of settlements, the health care system, the field of education, turning some of the developed cities of Ukraine into deserted territories, destroying a unique ecosystem and causing irreparable damage to the environment for many decades to come. Systemic negative factors of deterioration of the quality of life of the country’s population became the lack of a sense of security; narrowing of sources of income and reduction of their purchasing power due to price increases, primarily for essential goods; problems with the supply of electricity, water and heat; the general deterioration of housing conditions and the growth of overpopulation in the western regions, the limitation of the availability of quality medical services and other social services, etc. Today, it is still too early to talk about the final assessments of the impact of the war on the quality of life of the population of Ukraine, because military operations continue, the scale of losses is increasing every day, and people’s lives are being destroyed. However, it is already necessary to raise the problem of overcoming the consequences of the war at the scientific level, and not only from the standpoint of post-war recovery, but also considering the prospects of achieving high standards of people’s quality of life in the shortest time frame. Therefore, this article is devoted to the analysis of the key components of the quality of life of the population, which should be the focus of society’s attention in the first periods of post-war revival.
Key words quality of life, standard of living, Human Development Index, poverty, poverty line, assessment of the quality of life of the population, analysis of indicators, assessment methods, assessment of the environment
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