Uman NUH | today: 06/25/2024

Morphobiological features of collection samples of peppermint (Mentha piperita L.) in the conditions of the forest-steppe of Ukraine.

Author(s) Ryabovol Y.S., , postgraduate, Uman National University of Horticulture, Ukraine
Lyubchenko A.I., Candidate of Agricultural Science, , Uman National University of Horticulture, Ukraine
Ryabovol L.O., Doctor of Agricultural Sciences, Professor, Professor of Department of Genetics, Plant Breeding and Biotechnology, Uman National University of Horticulture, Ukraine
Lybchenko I.O., postgraduate, , Uman National University of Horticulture, Ukraine
Category The Agronomy
year 2023 issue Issue number 103. Part 1
pages 136-143 index UDK 631.527:633.88
DOI 10.32782/2415-8240-2023-103-1-136-143 (Link)
Abstract One of the important medicinal plants is mint, the biologically active substances of which are part of more than 30 medicinal preparations. It is the source of obtaining pharmacy leaf, essential oil and its various components. Plant products of peppermint are used in the food and cosmetic industries. Certain types of mint are used in floriculture and landscape design. To increase the productivity of the culture, it is advisable to create and introduce into production new varieties of various directions of use. New crop varieties are obtained by using interspecific hybridization in combination with experimental polyploidy and inbreeding. Selection of the starting material for hybridization is the main factor for breeding. The aim of the research was to analyze the morphobiological features of peppermint collection samples in the conditions of the Right Bank Forest Steppe of Ukraine. In the process of research was established, that the Lydia variety is characterized by the highest raw material productivity (2,9 t/ha), the foliage of which plants is 58 %. Samples M–01–09, Lebedyna, and Mama stand out for their high yield with indicators of 2,4, 2,5, and 2,6 t/ha, respectively. It was found that varieties Zgadka, Mama, Pamyat Reznikova have a high yield of rhizomes, the average indicators of which during the research period varied within 19,9–20,9 t/ha. It has been proven that the promising sample M–01–09 is characterized by a stable yield of vegetative mass and rhizomes, in particular, on average over the years of approbation, 2,6 and 11,7 t/ha, respectively.
Key words peppermint (mentha piperita), yield, sample, vegetative mass, rhizomes, seedling shoot
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