Uman NUH | today: 04/14/2024

Principles of performing foreign economic transactions and contracts

Author(s) Соколюк С. Ю., , ,
Zharun E. V., PhD in Economics, , Uman National University of Horticulture
Tupchiy O.S., , , Uman National University of Horticulture
Category Economics
year 2021 issue
pages 204-210 index UDK 339.9.01
DOI 10.31395/2415-8240-2021-99-2-204-210 (Link)
Abstract In the context of complex political and socio-economic processes, that are characterized by the stratification of the property status of various segments of the population, by the growth of customs offenses, by the aggravation of the influence of destabilizing trends on the economic security of the state, the issue of creating an effective state system of customs and legal regulation of foreign economic activity of business entities becomes relevant. The variety of nomenclature of goods transported across the customs border, and the peculiarities of foreign economic operations determines the implementation of customs and legal regulation by a large number of state authorities, each of which, within the limits of their competence, is entitled to issue normative documents in the field of foreign economic activity and provide permits for foreign trade operations. The fulfillment of a foreign trade obligation is subject to both the terms of the agreement and the provisions of the normative sources of international trade law, and the customs of commercial turnover. Among the customs produced by many years of experience in international trade, the customs are distinguished, which have become general provisions, which in the civil doctrine are called the principles of fulfilling obligations. When drawing up an agreement, it is important to establish which state law will govern relations under a specific agreement, since there are significant differences in resolving the same issues in the law of different countries. The foreign trade sale and purchase agreement is the most common legal form of foreign economic agreement, which mediates the relationship between Ukrainian and foreign entrepreneurs. Its development in accordance with the principles of implementation, the development of conditions and obligations of the parties, the implementation requires special knowledge and skills, taking into account the specific features of the external market.
Key words foreign economic operations, contracts, trade, economics, documents, operations
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