Uman NUH | today: 04/12/2022

State support of activities of entrepreneurial structures of the agricultural sector of Ukraine

Author(s) Nesterchuk J. A., Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor of Economics,
Бленда Н. О., , ,
Чернега І. І., , ,
Category Economics
year 2021 issue
pages 232-239 index UDK 338.431.4
DOI 10.31395/2415-8240-2021-99-2-232-239 (Link)
Abstract In the article it is shown the results of summarizing of the features, methods, and tools of state support for business structures of the agricultural sector in Ukraine. It is established that the main form of state support is preferential tax treatment and implementation of state targeted programs, covering budget financing of programs and activities aimed at the development of certain industries, partial compensation of interest rates on commercial banks, partial compensation of purchased agricultural machinery. As a result of the analysis of public expenditures in support of the agricultural sector of Ukraine, it was found that the actual amount of funding does not meet the legal norm in the amount of 1 % of GDP. It should be noted a significant overall reduction in public spending to support the agricultural sector of Ukraine in 2020 year compared to the previous 2018–2019 years. At the same time, there is a reorientation of state support: expenditures on livestock and processing of this industry are significantly reduced, while expenditures on cheaper loans and partial compensation for the cost of purchased agricultural machinery are increasing. Given the problems of the agricultural sector, the main areas of the state support and stimulation of agricultural entrepreneurship should be: creating an effective mechanism for the financial support of agricultural enterprises in the context of budget grants and public investment; development of the programs to ensure the renewal of fixed assets and logistical re-equipment of agricultural enterprises through the introduction of innovations; protection of the domestic agricultural producers through a balanced export-import policy.
Key words state support, agricultural sector, entrepreneurial structures, agricultural producers, state programs, tools
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