Uman NUH | today: 01/06/2022

Analysis of economic and statistical indicators of entrepreneurship development in Ukraine

Author(s) Ulanchuk V., Doctor of Economics, , Uman National University of Horticulture
Соколюк С. Ю., , ,
Zharun E. V., PhD in Economics, , Uman National University of Horticulture
Коротєєв М. А., , ,
Tupchiy O.S., , , Uman National University of Horticulture
Category Economics
year 2021 issue Issue number 98. Part 2
pages 69-80 index UDK 658.1
DOI 10.31395/2415-8240-2021-98-2-69-80 (Link)
Abstract The purpose of the article is to statistically assess the internal indicators of small business and analytical confirmation of the identified trends in their development to ensure the objectivity of information flows on the state and role of small business in the economy of Ukraine. A modern feature of the development of entrepreneurship in the economy of Ukraine is the growth of self-employment and mass labor migration. According to the results of the static assessment, it was found that the receipt of foreign currency in the form of remittances of labor migrants became a source of formation of the foreign exchange market, as their size is 30% of revenues from exports of goods from Ukraine. However, the amount of economic losses in the economy of Ukraine due to labor migration is much higher than foreign exchange earnings and is 6 % of total sales (goods and services) in Ukraine. Small business accumulated 48 % of the total number of employees in the economy of Ukraine, which turned it into a powerful politically and socially influential formation. The economic capacity of the small business remains traditionally low. In the structure of the country's economy, small enterprises (80 % of the total number of enterprises) bring only 19 % of income to the economy. The burden of the single tax for small enterprises is identical to the burden of paying income tax on medium-sized enterprises, which indicates relatively equal tax conditions for small and medium-sized businesses in Ukraine. Responsibility and autonomy of enterprises for the development and management decisions is growing extremely nowadays, what should provide further effectiveness of their activities. Ensure effective management is possible only through a comprehensive analysis and diagnostics business enterprise that meets modern requirements of economic development. The competitive situation in which today must engage in economic activities domestic enterprises of any form of ownership and industry sector is quite unstable, shaky, unpredictable and completely devoid of adverse external factors. Therefore, the company appears quite vulnerable to unlimited competitive space, and lack of improved methods of state regulation and favorable policy protectionism deepens an already tough situation. In such circumstances, company cant relied on anyone except themselves, involving the activity of experienced professionals that can simulate variable development of the company in a competitive environment and to predict the consequences of any move made by management in the form of decisions.
Key words small business, development, taxation, profit, production
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