Uman NUH | today: 06/25/2024

Reconstruction and greening of general educational institutions

Author(s) Стрельчук Л. М., , ,
Омелянова В. Ю., , ,
Category The Agronomy
year 2021 issue Issue number 98. Part 1
pages 270-280 index UDK 712.4:37
DOI 10.31395/2415-8240-2021-98-1-270-280 (Link)
Abstract The problem of landscaping of schools today is quite acute, as greenery around educational institutions serve a functional purpose: sanitary - hygienic, protective, architectural – artistic, fire, recreational, educational. They reduce dust and air content of chemicals, noise levels, improve the microclimate of areas and premises, enrich the air with oxygen, phytoncides and light ions, soften the radiation and thermal regime, and have antibacterial properties. But, unfortunately, on the territory of most secondary schools green plantations were formed mostly spontaneously, which have now lost their purpose and need reconstruction, renovation, optimization taking into account the environmental conditions of the area around the school. Therefore, the project of reconstruction and landscaping of the secondary school №46 was just in time. The research was conducted during 2020–2021, as a result of which the climatic features, the current state of green areas of the educational institution were established, and also woody, bushy and flowering plants that are currently in satisfactory condition were identified, such as: ash-leaved maple (American) (Acer negundo L.), common lilac (Syringa vulgaris L.), scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.), common rosehip (Rosa canina L.), european forsythia (Forsythia europaea Vahl.), yucca plant (Yucca filamentosa L.) and yellow daylily (Hemerocallis flava L.), privet (Ligustrum vulgare L.). However, their condition today remains unsatisfactory, so they need reconstruction and restoration, as well as sanitary pruning and topiary. Taking into account all factors, as well as taking into account the available range of plants for landscaping new school areas, and for the reconstruction of existing ones, we have identified, selected and recommended the following species range of plants: Hydrangea arborescens (Hydrangea arborescens L.), Thunberg's barberry (Berberis thunbergii L.), Vinca minor (Vinca major L.), Norway maple (Acer platanoides L.). Using just such a species composition and following the above recommendations, you can completely restore the green areas of the school, as well as create new, more modern forms of landscaping of secondary school
Key words general plan, reconstruction project, landscaping of the territory, hedge, woody plants, shrubs
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