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Formation of a working tobacco collection according to the complex of characters in the conditions of the Central Forest-steppe of Ukraine

Author(s) Леонова К. П., , ,
Моргун А. В., , ,
Моргун В. І., , ,
Коваленко А. М., , ,
Category The Agronomy
year 2021 issue Issue number 98. Part 1
pages 172-183 index UDK 631.527:633.71(477.46)
DOI 10.31395/2415-8240-2021-98-1-172-183 (Link)
Abstract One of the effective ways of creating high-yield tobacco varieties is the selection of donors of economically valuable characters and their optimal combination in new plant genotypes. Sources for selection and creation of such donors are gene pool collections, which concentrate source material of different geographical origin with a set of valuable breeding and genetic characters. The level of expression of these characters is modified by breeding conditions and the response of the genotype to environmental factors. Therefore, the main purpose of our research was to study the manifestation of morpho-biological features and properties of plants of tobacco collection samples in agroclimatic conditions of the Central Forest-steppe of Ukraine, establishment of breeding value of available gene pool of culture, selection of sources of economically valuable characters and formation of working tobacco collection. The strategic task of research is to create the varieties that are able to maximize the use of their genetic potential in a specific region, to be resistant to stressful environmental conditions, to ensure a high realization of the genetic potential of productivity. For the first time in the conditions of the Central Forest-steppe of Ukraine the analysis of 30 collection samples of tobacco of different ecological and geographical origin was carried out. New genetic sources for morphological character of plants, raw yield, seed productivity and early maturity, which are used at the Experimental station of tobacco farming National Research Center "Institute of Agriculture of the National Academy of Agrarian Sciences" in variety breeding, were identified. A certificate of registration of the working collection of tobacco gene pool of the present on morphological characters was received from the National Center for Plant Genetic Resources of Ukraine, according to the results of research in 2017–2019 (Certificate № 277 from 29.10.2019).
Key words : tobacco, reference sample, set of characters, working collection, gene pool
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