Uman NUH | today: 07/11/2024

Accumulation of cesium-137 and strontium-90 radionuclides in potatoes and vegetables grown in cherkasy region

Author(s) Ulyanych O.I., Doctor of Agricultural Sciences, Professor, Head of Department of of Vegetable Production, Uman National University of Horticulture, Ukraine
Ковтунюк З.І., , ,
Яценко В. В., , ,
Кухнюк О., , ,
Category The Agronomy
year 2020 issue Issue number 96. Part 1
pages 467-478 index UDK 632.118.3:635.1/7
DOI 10.31395/2415-8240-2020-96-1-467-478 (Link)
Abstract The results of studies on the accumulation of Cesium-137 and Strontium-90 radionuclides in potatoes and vegetable products of the Cherkasy region during 2017–2019 are presented, confirming the stabilization of radionuclide contamination of potatoes and vegetable products in the Cherkasy region. For the study, samples of vegetables were taken from areas that are most contaminated as a result of the Chernobyl accident. An analysis of the results of studies of samples taken from the Cherkasy region confirms the presence of radionuclides in all samples, although their values are significantly lower than normal. It is proved that from samples of agricultural products, cabbage and potatoes accumulate more 137Cs and 90Sr. It is proved that the content of radionuclides in vegetable products against the background of a general reduction in pollution remains stable. There is a tendency to maintain an increased level of radionuclides in the vegetable products of the areas most affected by the Chernobyl accident. Today, insignificant volumes of studies are being conducted that do not allow drawing appropriate objective conclusions regarding the content of 137Cs and 90Sr in vegetables. In order to eliminate the negative impact of radionuclides on the health of the population, a thorough examination of vegetable products that fall on the consumer market is required. It has been established that cabbage and potatoes in the observation areas contain the highest content of radionuclides.
Key words radionuclides, cesium-137 (137Cs), strontium-90 (90Sr), potatoes, carrots, beets, cabbage
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