Uman NUH | today: 04/15/2024

Effectiveness of Humate Potassium in the Cultivation of Winter Wheat and Maize for Grai

Author(s) Furmanets M.H., Candidate of Agricultural Science, ,
Furmanets Yu.S., Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, , Institute of Agriculture Western Polesie
Category The Agronomy
year 2017 issue Issue number 91. Part 1
pages 136-141 index UDK 631.89:633.1
Abstract It is possible to solve the problem of increasing grain producing capacity and its quality not only by means of selection, high doses of mineral fertilizers and pesticides, but also by using plant growth regulators in plant growing technologies. Plant growth regulators are becoming an integral component of intensive technologies for growing crops. More than 100 kinds of these preparations are available for the production; some of the most effective are humic plant growth regulators - humate potassium. Humic substances, macro- and microelements in the chelate form, which humate potassium contains, activate the basic processes of seed growth. They stimulate the growth and development of seedlings at the beginning, increase the accumulation of sugar in tillering nodes by 20-25% and enhance the photosynthetic activity by 12-30%. The results of studies on the effect of the organic and mineral fertilizer humate potassium on the producing capacity of winter wheat grain and maize for grain are shown. The research on the extent of the influence of organic and mineral fertilizer humate potassium on crop yielding capacity of winter wheat variety Voloshkova and maize hybrid DKS 3203 were carried out in the dark gray podzolized soil at the experimental field of the Institute of Agriculture of Western Polissya. While the organic mineral fertilizer humate potassium is being used, the best conditions for the growth and development of winter wheat and corn plants for grain are created. It has been established that the most effective use of humate potassium in the grain crops sowing areas is for the seed treatment + leaf-feeding during the development phases (for winter wheat 3 treatments, for maize for grain 2 treatments) following the use of mineral fertilizer where the winter wheat yield constitued 6.09 t / ha while the yield in the control field (ground) was 5.56 t / ha; maize yield for grain was 8.50 t / ha, in the control field (ground) it was 7.32 t / ha.
Key words humate potassium, seed treatment, winter wheat, maize for grain, crop producing capacity, gain.