Uman NUH | today: 06/21/2024

Aspects of modern production of planting material of fragaria ananassa l. in the Right-Bank Forest-Steppe of Ukraine

Author(s) Буцик М. М., , ,
Яковенко Р. В., , ,
Butsyk R. M., Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, ,
Chaploutskyi A.M., , , Uman National University of Horticulture
Category The Agronomy
year 2023 issue Issue number 103. Part 1
pages 161-171 index UDK 634.75.003.13: 631.53.03 (477.46)
DOI 10.32782/2415-8240-2023-103-1-161-171 (Link)
Abstract The article presents the results of the analysis of domestic and foreign literature regarding the prospects of modern cultivation of strawberry planting material, which requires increasing the volume and quality of the material. The key requirements for the quality of strawberry seedlings and the prospects for solving them in accordance with production tasks were defined. At the same time, the main indicators of seedling quality were its improvement, external parameters and high potential of generative productivity. In the conditions of Ukraine, among the main types of strawberry planting material are recently-dug seedlings, refrigerated storage seedlings ("frigo") and substrate seedlings (with a closed root system). Each of these types of seedlings has its advantages and disadvantages in growing. This is especially evident on soils of different granulometric composition and their microbiological activity. It was found that the diversity of the soil cover of Ukraine and the need for large volumes of high-quality strawberry seedlings require the improvement of methods of its cultivation on the heavy soils of the Right-Bank Forest-Steppe of Ukraine. The prerequisites for this are the difficulty of digging up the seedlings and infecting of its root system with pathogenic microflora due to contact with the biologically active soil environment. This creates prerequisites for growing strawberry planting material on an artificial substrate environment. The choice of a method of growing strawberry seedlings is based on the principles of its effectiveness in accordance with production conditions. In this case, growing of planting material with a closed root system, which has a large number of advantages over traditional seedlings in the conditions of modern intensive strawberry culture, is not a sufficiently studied issue. Therefore, the issues of increasing the productivity of mother plants and the quality of strawberry planting material on the black soil heavy loam soils of the Right-Bank Forest-Steppe of Ukraine are urgent and require research to optimize the technology of seedlings growing in accordance with modern requirements.
Key words strawberry, planting material, quality, productivity, soil conditions, substrate, efficiency
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