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State and Problems of Agriculture Export Products in Ukraine

Author(s) МОСТОВ’ЯК М. І., , ,
year 2023 issue Issue number 102. Part 2
pages 72-82 index UDK 338.4:339.5
DOI 10.32782/2415-8240-2023-102-2-72-82 (Link)
Abstract The agro-food sector is of great importance for Ukraine, contributing to the provision of national food security and the formation of GDP. Analysis of trends in the development of the export of Ukrainian agri-food products to the understanding of the state of development and the determination of factors affecting this economy. The article is devoted to the study of the current state of export of agro-food products in Ukraine and identification problems affecting its development. The main export trends are considered, the main problems are identified, and the factors limiting the growth of the export potential of the agro-industrial sector in the country are analyzed. In the article, general scientific and special methods are used to obtain a complex detection of the problems of export of agro-food products: empirical, series of dynamics, graphic, abstract-logical and others. An analysis of the export-orientation of agro-food production was conducted, the results of which established a high level of export-orientation. The growth of the role of the agro-food sector in the total volume of exports was revealed, which is mainly due to the increase in the price of products. The study of the commodity structure of the export of agro-food products proved that it is highly concentrated. The largest volumes of simple exports fell on commodity positions, which are mostly represented by raw materials. The study of the regional structure of the export of agro-food products testified to the tendency of its increase in almost all regional markets. It has been established that as a result of Russian aggression, there have been significant changes in the volumes, commodity and regional structure of Ukrainian agro-food exports. Volumes of Ukrainian exports have significantly decreased, mainly due to the blocking of seaports; increased importance in the export of the EU country. Prospects for further research can be the study of the reorientation of logistics routes and the expansion of sales markets, as well as directions for improving Ukraine's position in the main world regional markets.
Key words export, agro-food products, level of export orientation, commodity structure of export, regional structure of export, agro-food sector
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