Uman NUH | today: 01/27/2023

Tax incentives for industrial production in the system of public financial support

Author(s) Nepochatenko Olena O., Doctor of Economics, Professor, Rector of Uman National University of Horticulture, Head of Department, Uman National University of Horticulture
Bechko P.K., Candidate of Economics, , Uman National University of Horticulture, Ukraine
Lysa N.V., Candidate of Economics Sciences, , Uman National University of Horticulture, Ukraine
Ptashnyk S., Candidate of Ekonomikal Sciences, , Uman National University of Horticulture
Category Economics
year 2021 issue Issue number 98. Part 2
pages 110-123 index UDK 336.2:338.246.025
DOI 10.31395/2415-8240-2021-98-2-110-123 (Link)
Abstract The article provides a theoretical justification for tax incentives for industrial enterprises under market conditions of their activities. According to modern economic theory, which is the basis of the domestic tax system, the most effective are horizontal and vertical structures to stimulate industrial production, able to increase production and sales of its competitiveness in world markets, and businesses to operate on self-financing and self-sufficiency. A set of general scientific and special methods of scientific cognition was used to solve the tasks set in the process of research. Application of a systematic approach, methods of induction and deduction, analysis and synthesis, which made it possible to comprehensively and comprehensively consider the theoretical foundations of tax incentives for industrial enterprises, to determine the results of the application of horizontal and vertical organization of tax incentives. When systematizing the results of tax incentives for industrial enterprises, methods of scientific generalization, analysis and synthesis were chosen. Given the importance of tax incentives for industrial enterprises in modern conditions in the domestic tax system, there are a number of unresolved issues, which are essentially debatable on the theoretical justification of this problem and its practical solution aimed at increasing production and sales of industrial products, expanding markets. The results of the study show that horizontal tax incentives are more acceptable, as the situation on the world market is changing very quickly, and business needs certainty, provided that the state determines which segments of the national economy are a priority. The efficiency of tax holidays, preferential rates, investment tax credits and free trade zones are more promising for the development of industrial production at the horizontal level. With a vertical strategy for the development of industrial production, priority is given to export-oriented investment tax credits, in particular tariff or tax benefits, investment benefits. The proposed measures of tax stimulation of industrial production will stimulate the development of enterprises using the strategy of modernization of the production base through the renewal of fixed assets, the introduction of advanced advanced technologies, financing of scientific developments. These measures can ensure synergies, especially if the equipment to be purchased by industrial enterprises will be domestically produced
Key words industrial production, tax incentives, vertical and horizontal structures of tax incentives organization, investments, value added, gross regional product
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