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Assessment of the innovative development of the economy of Ukrainian regions

Author(s) Смертенюк І. І., , ,
Category Economics
year 2020 issue Issue number 97. Part 2
pages 199-208 index UDK 330.4:338.24:519.86
DOI 10.31395/2415-8240-2020-97-2-199-208 (Link)
Abstract One of the important factors in the development of agricultural enterprises, increasing their competitiveness and profitability, is innovation. In addition, it is clear that low innovation activity has caused a protracted economic crisis in Ukraine. The term "innovation" should be understood as the implementation of a new or significantly improved product, process, new method of marketing or a new method of organization in business, workplace organization or external contacts, new equipment or technology, and so on. That is, the defining basis of any innovation is innovation in a particular area of he enterprise. The development of an economy based on knowledge and innovation depends on the region of Ukraine in which enterprises operate and compete at different levels, including on a global scale. The inclusion of innovation in the group of the most important sources of enterprise competitiveness increases interest in research on the level of innovation in the regions, the differences between them, and the like. A significant number and variety of factors influencing innovative development exclude the use of one universal indicator. It is necessary to use a set of indicators reflecting various dimensions of the innovation activity of the economy. That is why we have calculated a synthetic index of innovative development in the context of regions of Ukraine, using the method of taxonomic analysis. According to the data presented, regions with stronger and weaker positions for innovative development can be identified. So, the highest level of this indicator for the period 2016–2019. Recorded in Kharkiv (0.340), Volyn (0.289) and Lugansk (0.287) regions. However, it should be noted that the level of these indicators is very low, since according to taxonomic analysis, the higher the level of development, the closer the indicator value is to 1. Among the regions with a low indicator of innovative development, one can single out the Dnepropetrovsk, Zaporozhye and Lviv regions.
Key words innovation, innovative development, economics, taxonomic analysis
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