Uman NUH | today: 05/13/2023

Yield and quality of cornflowers of real dependence on a way of cultivation of seedling and terms of landing in the conditions of the Right-bank Forest-steppe of Ukraine

Author(s) Ulyanych O.I., Doctor of Agricultural Sciences, Professor, Head of Department of of Vegetable Production, Uman National University of Horticulture, Ukraine
Василенко О.В., , ,
Яценко В. В., , ,
Кучер І. О., , ,
Category The Agronomy
year 2020 issue Issue number 97. Part 1
pages 218-228 index UDK 631.55: 635.71: 631.53.03 (477.4)
DOI 10.31395/2415-8240-2020-97-1-218-228 (Link)
Abstract It is shown and proved then the first and mass seedling emergence 2 days faster due to cell 70 and 25 cm3 compere to cell 200 cm3 or direct sowing. Growth period from transplanting to budding of plants grown from cells 25 cm3 was 19 days only. It was shortest and 4 days earlier compere to plants from cell 200 cm3 or direct sowing. Longest growth period from transplanting to budding of plants was 30 days due to cassettes with cells 25 cm3. Plants from seedlings longer formed first yield. It was 44 days which was 7 days longer compere with direct sowing. The most active growth of foliage of the Basil plant observed before transplanting to open soil due to cells 200 cm3. The leaves surface was 242,7 cm 2. Plants which grown in cassettes with cells 70 and 200 cm3 had better biometric data. They were not depending from sowing and transplanting dates. It was indicated then with increasing of substrate volume seedling quality indicators increased as well. Most active process of leaf surface growth in basil plants took place in seedlings, which were grown in cassettes with a cell volume of 200 cm3 and before planting it in open ground, the leaf surface area was 242.7 cm2. Regardless of the time of sowing seeds and planting seedlings in the open ground, the best biometric indicators were plants grown in cassettes with a cell volume of 200 cm3, that is, with increasing food area per plant and seedling quality indicators increased. The longest peduncle (10,1 cm) had plants of second term of transplanting due to cells 70 and 200 cm3. Higher yield had plants grown from cells 70 and 200 cm3. Their yield was from 24,6 to 27,2 t/ha and depend of transplanting terms. Yield increase according to control was from 2,1 to 4,7 t/ha. Lowest yield shown plants which were grown in cassettes with volume of cells 25 cm3 from 23,4 to 25,3 t/ha.
Key words sweet basil, seedlings, cassette, cell volume, planting date, yield
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