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The strategy of reforming the national grain industry in accordance with the requirements of the international market

Author(s) Klimenko L. V. , , , Uman National University of Horticulture
Category Economics
year 2018 issue Випуск №93. Частина 2
pages 63-74 index UDK 339.97:633.1
DOI 10.31395/2415-8240-2018-93-2-63-73 (Link)
Abstract The attractiveness of the grain industry as an advantageous sphere of allocation of capital is determined by the stable demand and relatively stable competitiveness in the international market, technological and nutritional properties of grain as the basis for ensuring food security of Ukraine and the world. Sectoral and spatial positioning of the integrated grain market determines Ukraine as a zone of priority economic interests concerning grain exports. Analyzing the problems of functioning and regulation of the national grain market, first of all, it should be noted that there is no guarantee of objective payment for the products sold by the state, the risks of exporting grain products through a significant number of intermediaries, the disparity of prices for industrial and agricultural products, and the low level of equipment availability. Research has shown that the current state of the grain industry in the US, EU countries, and China is a direct result of the effective use of the economic mechanism of state support for grain producers and market regulation, covering a range of administrative, legal and organizational measures. Given the international experience and problems of national development of commodity producers of grain products to increase the export potential of the grain market of Ukraine, it is necessary to implement a number of measures at the following levels of organizational and economic mechanism: managerial, production, marketing, logistics, innovation-investment, financial. In general, the main strategic approaches to the reform of the national grain industry in accordance with the requirements of the international market are: modernization of existing industries with the introduction of energy-saving technologies of production, processing, expansion of export capacities; reduction of energy-intensive, ecologically dangerous industries; the transition of the industry to an innovative model of development, the widespread use of the latest scientific and technological achievements with the corresponding investment support; improvement of provision of enterprises with highly skilled personnel; the formation of a holistic market infrastructure, a state system for monitoring the market for agricultural products and food products.
Key words foreign economic activity, export, import, grain market, reform strategy, mechanism, export-oriented production.
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