To ensure a high efficiency of agricultural production is possible only through the implementation of an effective agrarian reform which is to be the improved formation of the organizational and economic mechanism.
The purpose of this article is to summarize theoretical statements, development of recommendations and proposals for improving the efficiency of land use in agricultural enterprises on the basis of improving the organizational and economic mechanism. The economic targets of the research are agricultural enterprises of Cherkasy region.
Current references do not contain a clear definition of the essence of the organizational and economic mechanism. Studies have shown that the existing information mostly characterizes some elements that make up the mechanism. Thus, the concept of the organizational and economic mechanism as a system of elements as a whole remains non clear. In turn, it makes impossible to reveal the contents of this mechanism.
The organizational and economic mechanism is a mechanism of realizing objective agrarian relations. It applies to all agricultural enterprises regardless of their sizes and forms of ownership. In such way it creates equal conditions for the whole system of agribusiness.
The development of the leased land relations is one of the important factors to increase efficiency of the agrarian sector of economy. At the present stage of developing land relations the rent allows optimizing the size of the agricultural land use of newly agrarian formations, supporting at the expense of the rent of the rural population and filling the revenue part of local budgets through leasing lands of the state and municipal ownership.
In Cherkasy region and in all Ukraine, the amount of lease payments is insufficient. The amount of lease payments in Cherkasy region grew for 1 ha of leased land to 1145.2 UAH in 2014 that is 4.4% of the normative monetary valuation of the land. This is the best indicator among all regions of Ukraine.
land resources, renting, organizational and economic mechanism, transformation of land relations, land shares, crop rotation.