Taking into consideration the significant dependence of the fruit and small fruit production on the natural and climatic conditions, capital capacity and long term of covering the investments for the creation of perennial plantations, the branch development demands active state support.
The aim of our researches is study of the modern situation with the state financial support of the branch and substantiation of its main directions for the prospect.
The theoretical and legislative basis of the researches became scientific papers on the problems of the fruit growing development, legislative acts as well as the data of the Ministry of the Agrarian Policy and Provisions of Ukraine. The following general scientific methods were used: analytical, abstract-logical, economic and statistic.
The author has studied the peculiarities and modern situation concerning the state support of the horticulture. The volumes of its state financing was analyzed. In 2000 – 2012 1160.7 mln. grn. were compensated to the subjects of the farming at the expense of this duty for the establishment of 48.9 thus. ha of fruit and berry plantations and in 2009 – 2012 358.2 mln. grn. for the building of 22 refrigerators with controlled atmosphere at a volume of 50.3 thus. t. The perspective directions of using the duty for the development of the horti- and viticulture and hop-growing have been substantiated.
The important source of the formation of the horticultural enterprises financial resources and the branch restoration remains the duty for the development of viti- and horticulture and hop-growing. But taking into consideration the high capital capacity of the intense orchards establishment and acuteness of the problem of investing the creation and restoration of orchards it is necessary to review within the available financial possibilities and determine the priority directions of supporting the development of horticulture and nursery practice for the nearest prospect.
state financing, horticulture, establishment of young orchards, investment