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The current state of development of horticulture in Ukraine

Author(s) Burlyay A.L., Candidate of Economics, , Uman National University of Horticulture, Ukraine
Burlyay A.P., Candidate of Economics, , Uman National University of Horticulture, Ukraine
Kharenko A.A., Candidate of Economics, , Uman National University of Horticulture, Ukraine
Category Economics
year 2013 issue Випуск №82. Частина 2
pages 249-259 index UDK 65.325
DOI
Abstract Gardening — the traditional agricultural sector of ukraine, which has a centuries-old history. Potential production of fruits and berries in Ukraine is able to provide both domestic needs and to produce horticultural products for export. But the current level of production of fruits and berries in Ukraine is very low compared to developed countries gardening. Theoretical and methodological basis of research are dialectical method of cognition and systematic approach in the study of scientific publications of domestic and foreign scholars. Industrial gardening during the reform of the agricultural sector in most farms became unprofitable and gradually eliminated as a branch. In Ukraine, the main producers of fruits and berries in 2011 were private households — 84.19%. Over the period there was a change of species structure of production: in 1990 gardening products was represented mainly by granular cultures, which in total supply occupied 75.5%, in 2010 — the volume of supply of these crops decreased to 62.3%. Since 1996, in general in the public farms of the country the horticulture became unprofitable. In 1999, the industry loss ratio was 30.7%, the amount of loss — 22.1 million. However, in 2011 the rate of return was 17.9%, which indicates a revival of the industry. Consequently, the industry is in crisis and to overcome it should be made a number of organizational and economic transformations. Namely, the introduction of resource-intensive production technologies, expansion of enterprises specialized in the production of fruits and berries, improving the allocation of gardens, improving the structure and species composition of varietal plantations, expansion of processing and storage of production in its cultivation areas, development measures to increase the efficiency of promising forms of economic management, etc.
Key words horticulture industry, crisis, prospects, fruits and berries products
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